NEW: Application Note about Smart Meters
Smart Meters are getting the standard in electricity metering and replace the formerly used electro-mechanical solutions. „Smart“ has several meanings and starts with elect-ronic/micro-controller based metering, goes via comfortable user interface and display solutions and does still not end at various ways of connectivity. They are prepared for future ways of „smart“ billing, offering e. g. low costs for electric energy in times where wind and solar power is highly available.
The main function blocks for these devices are the power supply unit, the micro-controller board (MCU) and the communication and display boards. This application note focuses on the power supply unit, where Diotec offers several semiconductor solutions dedicated for Smart Meter needs. Take the example of input rectifier stage; it is connected directly to the landline and thus highly affected by excessive voltage peaks caused by lightning strikes. No matter if you prefer single diodes connected in series, avalanche rated rectifiers or Diotec‘s brand new 3000 V diodes: we offer you any solution according to your requirements.
Ultrafast Rectifier US1M - Why It Makes Sense to Use a 1000 V Component on a 24 V Smart Building Field Bus System
Few years ago, the KNX standard for smart building applications was recognized as international standard ISO/IEC 14543-3. It defines information exchange protocols working either via the traditional power line, ethernet, radio frequency or a 24 V field bus system. The latter requires non-isolated, low power DC/DC converters for every device connected to that bus system. It converts the DC bus voltage ranging between 21 V and 30 V to typically 5 V or lower used by the electronics. Since space in typical installation sockets is restricted, DC/DC converters with high switching frequencies are used, in order to minimize magnetic elements like coils and transformers.
Here the US1M having 1 A, 75 ns and 1 000 V comes into play. As a rule of thumb, the free-wheeling diode in switching converters should have minimum a seven times higher V_RRM than maximum DC voltage, so here 7 x 30 V = 210 V. By this, voltage peaks created by high frequency switching will not harm the diode. So a Schottky is out, since maximum available V_RRM is about 200 V only. A 400 V ultrafast rectifier would be the first idea to be used. But smart building systems need to run reliable over many years. Switches and displays, touched by us human beings, are affected by electro static discharges of several 1000 volts. Though not all of that will reach the electronics of the field bus device, it makes sense to spend some extra safety margin on components used. The 1 000 V of the US1M provides sufficient protection for reliable and long lasting smart building functionality.
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Application Note Smart Meter
Our New Databooks Are Available Now!
Find out more detailed information of our diodes, rectifiers, transistors and regulators on many data sheets on 1 155 pages.
You can order your databook free of charge with reference to article no. 3214 and by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
NEW: Application Note - Understanding Thermal Specifications of Bridge Rectifiers
This new Application Note explains the mechanisms of heat transfer in semiconductor components along with Diotec’s datasheet parameters of 1ph and 3ph Bridge Rectifiers.
Moreover, it describes a way to determine whether a bridge is suitable for a given output current and ambient respectively case temperature.
NEW: Application Note - ESD Protection Diodes for High-speed Signal Interfaces
This Application Note is about choosing suitable diodes for high-speed signal interfaces. One of the major industry trends towards smaller chip size and higher data rate decreases chip tolerance to any voltage transient surge events.
Therefore, electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection diodes play a bigger role than before.
Application Note ESD-Protection Diodes for High-speed Signal Interfaces
Application Note Understanding Thermal Specifications of Bridge Rectifiers
Temperature Monitoring - An Overview of Three Cost-optimized Solutions
Ambient and component temperature have a decisive impact on the performance and lifetime of electronic equipment.
This Application Note introduces three accurate and cost-effective solutions for a wide range of temperature sensing applications.